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Earthwatch regularly publishes scientific results in journals and books, in collaboration with international partners and participants.


Loiselle, S., Bishop, I., Moorhouse, H., Pilat, C., Koelman, E., Nelson, R., Clymans, W., Pratt, J., & Lewis, V. (2024) Citizen scientists filling knowledge gaps of phosphate pollution dynamics in rural areas. Environ Monit Assess, 196, 220


Ceccaroni, L., Woods, S. M., Butkevičienė, E., Parkinson, S., Sprinks, J., Costa, P., Simis, S. G.H., Lessin, G., Liñán, S., Companys, B., Bonfill, E., & Piera, J. (2023). The Role of Citizen Science in Promoting Ocean and Water Literacy in School Communities: The ProBleu Methodology. Sustainability, 15(14), 11410.

Ceccaroni, L., Oliver, J. L., Roger, E., Bibby, J., Flemons, P., Michael, K., & Joly, A. (2023). Advancing the productivity of science with citizen science and artificial intelligence.

Moshi, H. A., Shilla, D. A., Brehim, J., Kimirei, I., O’Reilly, C., & Loiselle, S. (2023). Sustainable Management of the African Great Lake Coastal Areas: Motivations and Perspectives of Community Citizen ScientistsEnvironmental Management, 1-15.


Sprinks, J., Ceccaroni, L., Woods, S., Parkinson, S., & Gumiero, B. (2022). Design of a platform to measure the impact of citizen science.

Winton, D., Marazzi, L., & Loiselle, S. (2022). Drivers of public plastic (mis)use — New insights from changes in single-use plastic usage during the Covid-19 pandemicScience of The Total Environment, 157672.

Parkinson, S., Woods, S. M., Sprinks, J., & Ceccaroni, L. (2022). A Practical Approach to Assessing the Impact of Citizen Science towards the Sustainable Development GoalsSustainability14(8), 4676.

Woods, S. M., Daskolia, M., Joly, A., Bonnet, P., Soacha, K., Liñan, S., … & Ceccaroni, L. (2022). How Networks of Citizen Observatories Can Increase the Quality and Quantity of Citizen-Science-Generated Data Used to Monitor SDG IndicatorsSustainability14(7), 4078.

Simaika, J. P., Bishop, I., Kelly, M., & Castañeda, R. (2022). Freshwater Biota as Indicators of Impact: Case Studies and Examples of the Major Groups in Surface Water Assessment. Encyclopedia of Inland Waters (Second Edition), Volume 4, 20-34.

Moshi, H. A., Kimirei, I., Shilla, D., O’Reilly, C., Wehrli, B., Ehrenfels, B., & Loiselle, S. (2022). Citizen scientist monitoring accurately reveals nutrient pollution dynamics in Lake Tanganyika coastal watersEnvironmental monitoring and assessment194(10), 689.

Moshi, H. A., Shilla, D. A., Kimirei, I. A., O’Reilly, C., Clymans, W., Bishop, I., & Loiselle, S. A. (2022). Community monitoring of coliform pollution in Lake TanganyikaPlos one17(1), e0262881.

Oxford Intranet – Cardenas et al 2022 QJF.pdf – All Documents (


Wehn, U., Gharesifard, M., Ceccaroni, L., Joyce, H., Ajates, R., Woods, S., … & Wheatland, J. (2021). Impact assessment of citizen science: state of the art and guiding principles for a consolidated approachSustainability Science16(5), 1683-1699.

Di Grazia, F., Gumiero, B., Galgani, L., Troiani, E., Ferri, M., & Loiselle, S. A. (2021). Ecosystem Services Evaluation of Nature-Based Solutions with the Help of Citizen ScientistsSustainability13(19), 10629.

Ngao, J., Cárdenas, M. L., Améglio, T., Colin, J., & Saudreau, M. (2021). Implications of Urban Land Management on the Cooling Properties of Urban Trees: Citizen Science and Laboratory AnalysisSustainability13(24), 13656.

Jones, A. G., Clymans, W., Palmer, D. J., & Crockatt, M. E. (2021). Revaluating forest drought experiments according to future precipitation patterns, ecosystem carbon and decomposition rate responses: A meta-analysisAmbio, 1-12.

Sprinks, J., Woods, S. M., Parkinson, S., Wehn, U., Joyce, H., Ceccaroni, L., & Gharesifard, M. (2021). Coordinator perceptions when assessing the impact of citizen science towards sustainable development goalsSustainability13(4), 2377.

Haklay, M., Fraisl, D., Greshake Tzovaras, B., Hecker, S., Gold, M., Hager, G., Ceccaroni, L., … & Vohland, K. (2021). Contours of citizen science: a vignette studyRoyal Society open science8(8), 202108.

Ferrando Jorge, N., Clark, J., Cárdenas, M. L., Geoghegan, H., & Shannon, V. (2021). Measuring Soil Colour to Estimate Soil Organic Carbon Using a Large-Scale Citizen Science-Based ApproachSustainability13(19), 11029.

Vohland, K., Land-Zandstra, A., Ceccaroni, L., Lemmens, R., Perelló, J., Ponti, M., Samson, R., & Wagenknecht, K. (2021). The Science of Citizen Science. Springer, Cham. DOI:

van Noordwijk, T., Bishop, I., Staunton-Lamb, S., Oldfield, A., Loiselle, S., Geoghegan, H., & Ceccaroni, L. (2021). Creating Positive Environmental Impact Through Citizen Science. In The Science of Citizen Science (pp. 373-395). Springer, Cham. DOI:

Ceccaroni, L., Woods, S. M., Sprinks, J., Wilson, S., Faustman, E. M., Bonn, A., … & Kimura, A. H. (2021). Citizen Science, Health, and Environmental JusticeThe Science of Citizen Science, 219.

Wagenknecht, K., Woods, T., Sanz, F. G., Gold, M., Bowser, A., Rüfenacht, S., … Ceccaroni, L., & Piera, J. (2021). EU-Citizen. Science: A Platform for Mainstreaming Citizen Science and Open Science in EuropeData Intelligence3(1), 136-149.

Vohland, K., Land-Zandstra, A., Ceccaroni, L., Lemmens, R., Perelló, J., Ponti, M., … & Wagenknecht, K. (2021). The Science of Citizen Science EvolvesChapter 1. in Vohland, K. et al (Eds.).(2021) The Science of Citizen Science. Springer. https://doi. org/10.1007/978-3-030-58278-4. pp 1-12.

Lemmens, R., Falquet, G., Tsinaraki, C., Klan, F., Schade, S., Bastin, L., … & Ceccaroni, L. (2021). A Conceptual Model for Participants and Activities in Citizen Science ProjectsThe Science of Citizen Science, 159.

Cárdenas, M. L., Wilde, V., Hagen-Zanker, A., Seifert-Dähnn, I., Hutchins, M. G., & Loiselle, S. (2021). The circular benefits of participation in nature-based solutionsSustainability13(8), 4344.

Hegarty, S., Hayes, A., Regan, F., Bishop, I., & Clinton, R. (2021). Using citizen science to understand river water quality while filling data gaps to meet United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6 objectivesScience of The Total Environment783, 146953.

Pudifoot, B., Cárdenas, M. L., Buytaert, W., Paul, J. D., Narraway, C. L., & Loiselle, S. (2021). When it rains, it pours: integrating Citizen science methods to understand resilience of urban green spacesFrontiers in Water3, 33.

De Clippele, L., Michelotti, M., Findlay, C. R., Cartwright, A., Fang, Q., Wheatley, C., … Scott-Somme, K., … & De Meyer, K. (2021). The Future of Our Seas: Marine scientists and creative professionals collaborate for science communicationResearch for All.


Head, J. S., Crockatt, M. E., Didarali, Z., Woodward, M. J., & Emmett, B. A. (2020). The role of citizen science in meeting SDG targets around soil healthSustainability12(24), 10254.

Bishop, I. J., Warner, S., van Noordwijk, T. C., Nyoni, F. C., & Loiselle, S. (2020). Citizen Science Monitoring for Sustainable Development Goal Indicator 6.3. 2 in England and ZambiaSustainability12(24), 10271.

Marazzi, L., Loiselle, S., Anderson, L. G., Rocliffe, S., & Winton, D. J. (2020). Consumer-based actions to reduce plastic pollution in rivers: A multi-criteria decision analysis approachPloS one15(8), e0236410.

Vye, S. R., Dickens, S., Adams, L., Bohn, K., Chenery, J., Dobson, N., … Winton, D., … & Burrows, M. T. (2020). Patterns of abundance across geographical ranges as a predictor for responses to climate change: Evidence from UK rocky shoresDiversity and Distributions26(10), 1357-1365.

Ceccaroni, L., Piera, J., Wernand, M. R., Zielinski, O., Busch, J. A., Van Der Woerd, H. J., … & Dubsky, K. (2020). Citclops: A next-generation sensor system for the monitoring of natural waters and a citizens’ observatory for the assessment of ecosystems’ statusPloS one15(3), e0230084.

Roberts, L. R., Bishop, I. J., & Adams, J. K. (2020). Anthropogenically forced change in aquatic ecosystems: Reflections on the use of monitoring, archival and palaeolimnological data to inform conservationGeo: Geography and Environment7(1), e00089.

Winton, D. J., Anderson, L. G., Rocliffe, S., & Loiselle, S. (2020). Macroplastic pollution in freshwater environments: Focusing public and policy actionScience of the Total Environment704, 135242.


Ceccaroni, L., Bowser, A., Brenton, P. (2019). Civic Education and Citizen Science: Definitions, Categories, Knowledge Representation. In Civic Engagement and Politics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications. Information Resources Management Association, Hershey, USA. 

Ceccaroni, L., Bibby, J., Roger, E., Flemons, P., Michael, K., Fagan, L. and Oliver, J. L. (2019). Opportunities and Risks for Citizen Science in the Age of Artificial IntelligenceCitizen Science: Theory and Practice, 4(1). 

Thornhill, I., Loiselle, S., Clymans, W., & van Noordwijk, C. G. E. (2019). How citizen scientists can enrich freshwater science as contributors, collaborators, and co-creatorsFreshwater Science38(2), 231-235.

August, T. A., West, S. E., Robson, H., Lyon, J., Huddart, J., Velasquez, L. F., & Thornhill, I. (2019). Citizen meets social science: predicting volunteer involvement in a global freshwater monitoring experimentFreshwater science38(2), 321-331.

Dawson, M. R., Hutchins, M., Bachiller-Jareno, N., & Loiselle, S. (2019). The spatial and temporal variation of water quality at a community garden site in an urban setting: citizen science in actionFreshwater Science38(2), 352-364.

Miguel-Chinchilla, L., Heasley, E., Loiselle, S., & Thornhill, I. (2019). Local and landscape influences on turbidity in urban streams: a global approach using citizen scientistsFreshwater Science38(2), 303-320.


Ceccaroni, L., Velickovski, F., Blaas, M., Wernand, M. R., Blauw, A., & Subirats, L. (2018). Artificial intelligence and earth observation to explore water quality in the Wadden SeaEarth Observation Open Science and Innovation15, 311-320.

Luna, S., Gold, M., Albert, A., Ceccaroni, L., Claramunt, B., Danylo, O., … & Sturm, U. (2018). Developing mobile applications for environmental and biodiversity citizen science: considerations and recommendations. In Multimedia tools and applications for environmental & biodiversity informatics (pp. 9-30). Springer, Cham.

Mazumdar, S., Ceccaroni, L., Piera, J., Hölker, F., Berre, A., Arlinghaus, R., & Bowser, A. (2018). Citizen science technologies and new opportunities for participation. In: Hecker, S., Haklay, M., Bowser, A., Makuch, Z., & Vogel, J. (Eds.). (2018). Citizen science: innovation in open science, society and policy. UCL Press. DOI:

Ceccaroni, L. & Piera, J. (2018). Stakeholder engagement in water quality research: A case study based on the Citclops and MONOCLE projects. In: Hecker, S., Haklay, M., Bowser, A., Makuch, Z., & Vogel, J. (Eds.). (2018). Citizen science: innovation in open science, society and policy. UCL Press. DOI:

Cunha, D. G. F., Dodds, W. K., & Loiselle, S. A. (2018). Factors related to water quality and thresholds for microcystin concentrations in subtropical Brazilian reservoirsInland Waters8(3), 368-380.

Thornhill, I., Chautard, A., & Loiselle, S. (2018). Monitoring biological and chemical trends in temperate still waters using citizen scienceWater10(7), 839.

Ceccaroni, L., Velickovski, F., Steblin, A., & Subirats, L. (2018). Citclops: data interpretation and knowledge-based systems integrationInternational Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research13, 24-37.


Sturm, U., Gold, M., Luna, S., Schade, S., Ceccaroni, L., Kyba, C. C. M., … & Kullenberg, C. (2018). Defining principles for mobile apps and platforms development in citizen scienceResearch Ideas and Outcomes, 3, e21283.

Eitzel, M. V., Cappadonna, J. L., Santos-Lang, C., Duerr, R. E., Virapongse, A., West, S. E., … Ceccaroni, L., … & Jiang, Q. (2017). Citizen science terminology matters: Exploring key termsCitizen science: Theory and practice2(1).

Ceccaroni, L., & Piera, J. (Eds.). (2017). Analyzing the role of citizen science in modern research. IGI Global.

Hadj-Hammou, J., Loiselle, S., Ophof, D., & Thornhill, I. (2017). Getting the full picture: Assessing the complementarity of citizen science and agency monitoring dataPLoS One12(12), e0188507.

Loiselle, S. A., Frost, P. C., Turak, E., & Thornhill, I. (2017). Citizen scientists supporting environmental research prioritiesScience of the Total Environment598, 937.

Cunha, D. G., Marques, J. F., Resende, J. C., Falco, P. B., Souza, C. M., & Loiselle, S. A. (2017). Citizen science participation in research in the environmental sciences: key factors related to projects’ success and longevityAnais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências89, 2229-2245.

Thornhill, I., Ho, J. G., Zhang, Y., Li, H., Ho, K. C., Miguel-Chinchilla, L., & Loiselle, S. A. (2017). Prioritising local action for water quality improvement using citizen science; a study across three major metropolitan areas of ChinaScience of the Total Environment584, 1268-1281.

Cunha, D. G. F., Casali, S. P., De Falco, P. B., Thornhill, I., & Loiselle, S. A. (2017). The contribution of volunteer-based monitoring data to the assessment of harmful phytoplankton blooms in Brazilian urban streamsScience of The Total Environment584, 586-594.


Busch, J. A., Bardaji, R., Ceccaroni, L., Friedrichs, A., Piera, J., Simon, C., … & Zielinski, O. (2016). Citizen bio-optical observations from coast-and ocean and their compatibility with ocean colour satellite measurementsRemote Sensing8(11), 879.

Codina, V., Ricci, F., & Ceccaroni, L. (2016). Distributional semantic pre-filtering in context-aware recommender systemsUser Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction26(1), 1-32.

Loiselle, S. A., Gasparini Fernandes Cunha, D., Shupe, S., Valiente, E., Rocha, L., Heasley, E., … & Baruch, A. (2016). Micro and macroscale drivers of nutrient concentrations in urban streams in South, Central and North AmericaPLoS One11(9), e0162684.

Thornhill, I., Loiselle, S., Lind, K., & Ophof, D. (2016). The citizen science opportunity for researchers and agenciesBioScience66(9), 720-721.

Loiselle, S., Thornhill, I., & Bailey, N. (2016, February). Citizen science: advantages of shallow versus deep participation. In Austrian Citizen Science Conference 2016 (p. 5).


Castilla, E. P., Cunha, D. G. F., Lee, F. W. F., Loiselle, S., Ho, K. C., & Hall, C. (2015). Quantification of phytoplankton bloom dynamics by citizen scientists in urban and peri-urban environmentsEnvironmental monitoring and assessment187(11), 1-11.

Crockatt, M. E., & Bebber, D. P. (2015). Edge effects on moisture reduce wood decomposition rate in a temperate forestGlobal Change Biology21(2), 698-707.

Riutta, T., Clack, H., Crockatt, M., & Slade, E. M. (2016). Landscape-scale implications of the edge effect on soil fauna activity in a temperate forestEcosystems19(3), 534-544.

Castilla, E. P., Cunha, D. G. F., Lee, F. W. F., Loiselle, S., Ho, K. C., & Hall, C. (2015). Quantification of phytoplankton bloom dynamics by citizen scientists in urban and peri-urban environmentsEnvironmental monitoring and assessment187(11), 1-11.

McMahon, S. M., Bebber, D. P., Butt, N., Crockatt, M., Kirby, K., Parker, G. G., … & Slade, E. M. (2015). Ground based LiDAR demonstrates the legacy of management history to canopy structure and composition across a fragmented temperate woodlandForest Ecology and Management335, 255-260.


Butt, N., Bebber, D. P., Riutta, T., Crockatt, M., Morecroft, M. D., & Malhi, Y. (2014). Relationships between tree growth and weather extremes: spatial and interspecific comparisons in a temperate broadleaf forestForest ecology and management334, 209-216.

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